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Swiss Academies Series

07.2021
White Paper: Clinical Research

Patient-oriented clinical research in Switzerland, long considered a «problem» in comparison to basic and experimental research, has improved in the past twenty years thanks to public investments in various initiatives, data infrastructures, and support instruments. These efforts have however also led to a fragmentation of activities and deficits remain. The «White Paper: Clinical Research» of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences formulates seven goals to bring together the actors around a shared vision to increase the impact of clinical research and its benefits for all.

Based on the notion that good care comes with – and from – good science, the white paper calls for a transformation of the clinical research culture so as to make it more integrative at all levels. And presents an action plan for change to make Switzerland an international leader in patient-centered clinical research.

 

Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences (SAMS) (2021) White Paper: Clinical Research. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (4).

DOI: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4772725

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07.2021
Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences
Science in the Swiss Public The State of Science Communication and Public Engagement with Science in Switzerland

Science communication and public engagement with science have repeatedly been called for in recent years, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, die Swiss Academies of the Arts and Sciences have set up an expert group to assess the state of science communication in Switzerland, and to provide recommendations for how to improve it. The expert group report is based on a comprehensive review of the available interdisciplinary scholarship analyzing science communication and public engagement with science in Switzerland. Selectively, it also incorporates original data, international findings, and secondary analyses where little or no published scholarly work was available. The report covers a wide range of facets of science communication and public engagement in Switzerland, from public attitudes towards science over individuals and organizations engaging in science communication and engagement formats to news and social media representations of science. On this basis, it formulates 20 recommendations for improving science communication in Switzerland.

 

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2021) Science in the Swiss Public. The State of Science Communication and Public Engagement with Science in Switzerland. Swiss Academies Reports 16 (8). http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4974312

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05.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
The impact of emissions from aviation on the climate

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 16. NO 3, 2021

Greenhouse gas emissions from global aviation are steadily and sharply increasing and their part in global CO² emissions is growing. This trend is particularly high in industrialised countries. In addition to CO², however, aviation also emits other components that have an impact on the climate. These are in particular water vapour, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide and soot. This publication describes how the main emission components of aviation affect the climate. It also discusses how these components are quantified and which comparative values should be used.

 

Neu U (2021) The impact of emissions from aviation on the climate. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (3). DOI: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4767559

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04.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Pestizide: Auswirkungen auf Umwelt, Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen

Pestizide werden primär in der Landwirtschaft, aber auch im Siedlungsraum und in weiteren Bereichen eingesetzt. Als Pflanzenschutzmittel vermindern sie Ertrags- oder Qualitätseinbussen durch Schadorganismen. Der heutige Pestizideinsatz belastet aber die Umwelt und insbesondere die Biodiversität beträchtlich. Trotz Wissenslücken sind die unerwünschten Auswirkungen gut dokumentiert. Das Faktenblatt nimmt spezifisch die Auswirkungen von Pestiziden auf Umwelt, Biodiversität
und Ökosystemleistungen in den Blick und zeigt mögliche Handlungsansätze für Politik und Gesellschaft zur Reduktion der
unerwünschten Nebenwirkungen des Pestizideinsatzes auf. Nicht thematisiert werden im Faktenblatt etwa die Bedeutung
von Pestiziden für die landwirtschaftliche Produktion oder die Auswirkungen auf die menschliche Gesundheit.

 

Guntern J et al. (2021) Pestizide: Auswirkungen auf Umwelt, Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen. Swiss Academies Factsheets 16 (2). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4680574

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Geosciences Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Geosciences Community

This community roadmap presents an integrative approach including the most urgent infrastructure requests for the future development of geosciences in Switzerland. It recommends to strengthen the multidisciplinary nature of the geosciences by putting all activities under the roof of the Integrated Swiss Geosciences supported by four specific research infrastructure pillars. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of geosciences and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Eugster W • Baumgartner LP • Bachmann O • Baltensperger U • Dèzes P • Dubois N • Foubert A • Heitzler M • Henggeler K • Hetényi G • Hurni L • Müntener O • Nenes A • Reymond C • Röösli C • Rothacher M • Schaub M • Steinbacher M • Vogel H & the RoTaGeo team (2021) Geosciences Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Geosciences Community. Swiss Academies Reports 16 (4). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4588881

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Neutron Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Neutron Science Community

This community roadmap presents a broad overview of the current status of neutron science in Switzerland and derives a set of recommendations for future developments. It is the result of a community effort led by the Swiss Neutron Science Society (SNSS) with the main objectives to survey and analyse the unique contributions that neutron probes provide across scientific and technological fields and disciplines; and provisions needed to ensure continuing and sustainable success. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of neutron science and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Rønnow HM, Gasser U, Krämer K, Strobl M, Kenzelmann M (2021)
Neutron Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Neutron Science Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (7). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4637661

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
CHIPP Roadmap for Research and Infrastructure 2025-2028 and beyond by the Swiss Particle Physics Community

This community roadmap presents the visions for future research in particle and astroparticle physics in Switzerland and formulates the needs of these fields in terms of research infrastructure in the years 2025-2028 and beyond. It was established under the auspices of the Swiss Institute of Particle Physics (CHIPP), which issued its first roadmap already in 2004 and conducted dedicated roadmap-planning workshops in 2018 and 2020. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of particle and astroparticle physics and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Wallny R, Dissertori G, Durrer R, Isidori G, Müller K, Rivkin L, Seidel M, Sfyrla A, Weber M, Benelli A (2021)
CHIPP Roadmap for Research and Infrastructure 2025–2028 and beyond by the Swiss Particle Physics Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (6). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4637623

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Photon Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Photon Community

This community roadmap summarizes a survey of the Swiss large-scale infrastructure requirements in the broad field of photon science for the years 2025–2028, drawing from the current situation both in Switzerland and abroad. The Swiss Society for Photon Science (SSPh) collected the scientific visions and compiled the needs of the community of photon science, which encompasses all research areas that work to generate, manipulate and detect photons or use them to investigate or control complex assemblies of matter. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of photon science and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Abela R, Abreu E, Cavalieri A, van Daalen M, Feurer T, Staub U (2021)
Photon Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Photon Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (5). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4588917

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Chemistry Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Chemistry Community

This community roadmap presents the vision for the future development of chemical sciences in Switzerland. It recommends to set-up or consolidate seven national infrastructures grouped into two pillars of discovery- and challenge-oriented infrastructures, which should foster multinational scientific exchange and collaboration. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of chemistry and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Buller R, Copéret C, Emsley L, Gademann K, Hari Y, Merz L (2021)
Chemistry Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Chemistry Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (3). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4572642

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Biology Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Biology Community

This community roadmap expresses a vision for the future development of biological research in Switzerland and the infrastructure needs identified to realise this vision. It describes four dedicated network infrastructures with a common challenge of comprehensive data exploitation. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of biology and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Brunner D, Durinx C, Erb M, Fischer M, Hari Y, Jazwinska A, Leeb T, Reymond C, Scheidegger C, Stieger P, Studer B, Vergères G, Walter A (2021)
Biology Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Biology Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (2). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4572622

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Handbook on natural history collections management – A collaborative Swiss perspective

Swiss natural history museums, botanical gardens, universities and other institutions for higher education collectively maintain collections with over 60 million specimens of animals, fungi, plants, rocks and fossils. To speed up, harmonise and better coordinate their digitisation, the SwissCollNet initiative was established by the Swiss Academy of Sciences and the Swiss collection-holding institutions.

This handbook is one of SwissCollNet’s first achievment to advance the exchange of knowledge on object and data management among Swiss collections. It contains instructions to modernise natural history collections of preserved biological materials and geological samples developed by experts and collections managers from across Swiss collection-holding institutions.

 

Frick H, Greeff M (2021) Handbook on natural history collections management – A collaborative Swiss perspective. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (2).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4316839

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02.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Achieving the SDGs with Biodiversity

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, Vol. 16, No 1, 2021

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) charts a new path of balance for humanity and the planet. The highly interconnected SDGs will only be achieved in their entirety through transformative changes in our societies. Recent studies on the interactions between the SDGs identify the conservation of biodiversity as one of the most potent levers to achieve sustainability. The biodiversity-focused SDGs 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land) emerge as multipliers of co-benefits across the goals. This factsheet aims to explain the importance of biodiversity for implementing all SDGs and to provide decision makers with options and entry points for transformative change.

 

Obrecht A, Pham-Truffert M, Spehn E et al (2021) Achieving the SDGs with Biodiversity. Swiss Academies Factsheet 16 (1).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4457298

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02.2021
A Short History of the KFPE 1994–2019

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, Vol. 16, No 1, 2021

For nearly three decades, North–South research partnerships have been recognised not only as a highly efficient approach to global sustainable development – but as a necessity. The quality and capabilities of such partnerships have therefore been promoted by the Commission for Research Partnerships with Developing Countries (KFPE) for more than 25 years. This report presents the history of the KFPE and the promotion of North-South Research in Switzerland.

 

Hofmänner A (2020) A Short History of the KFPE 1994–2019. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (1).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4309902

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02.2021
Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences SAMW
SPHN: Report from the National Steering Board 2016 – 2019

Swiss Academies Reports, Vol. 16, No 1, 2021

Personalized health has the potential to transform health research and the healthcare system towards more quality and efficiency. The Swiss Personalized Health Network (SPHN) initiative was launched in 2016 on behalf of the Confederation with the aim of developing a national research infrastructure for interoperable health data. The report of the National Steering Board 2016 – 2019 presents the progress of the initiative and the challenges to be met.

 

Swiss Personalized Health Network (2021) Swiss Personalized Health Network. Report from the National Steering Board 2016–2019 Swiss Academies Reports 16 (1).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4044123

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12.2020
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Weissbuch Radiochemie Schweiz

SWISS ACADEMIES REPORTS, Vol. 15, No. 4, 2020

Für aktuelle und zukünftige Herausforderungen wie den Rückbau von Kernkraftwerken benötigt die Schweiz Fachwissen zur Erforschung und Anwendung radioaktiver Stoffe. Mittelfristig zeichnet sich jedoch ein Mangel an Expertinnen und Experten ab. Gemeinsam mit verschiedenen Organisationen aus der Wissenschaft hat die Akademie der Naturwissenschaften Schweiz das Weissbuch Radiochemie Schweiz erarbeitet. Dieses zeigt Massnahmen zur Sicherung und Weiterentwicklung des erforderlichen Fachwissens auf. Mit der Schaffung einer neuen Professur haben die ETH Zürich und das Paul-Scherrer-Institut bereits einen wichtigen ersten Schritt gemacht.

 

Alberto R, Burger M, Gäggeler H (2020) Weissbuch Radiochemie Schweiz. Swiss Academies Reports 15 (4).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4147524

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11.2020
Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences
Priority Themes for Swiss Sustainability Research

SWISS ACADEMIES REPORTS, VOL. 15, NO 5, 2020

Using six priority themes, the "White Paper on Sustainability Research" outlines Switzerland's most urgent research needs in order to meet the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The priority themes were developed by 30 experts from science and practice on the basis of a broad-based dialogue with over 100 stakeholders from science, business, administration and civil society.

Wuelser G, Chesney M, Mayer H, Niggli U, Pohl C, Sahakian M, Stauffacher M, Zinsstag J, Edwards P (2020) Priority Themes for Swiss Sustainability Research. Swiss Academies Reports 15 (5).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4337939

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11.2020
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Übermässige Stickstoff- und Phosphoreinträge schädigen Biodiversität, Wald und Gewässer

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, VOL. 15. NO. 8, 2020

In der Schweiz gelangt nach wie vor zu viel Stickstoff und Phosphor in die Umwelt. Kritische Belastungsgrenzen für Stickstoffeinträge in die Umwelt sind vielerorts deutlich überschritten. Vor allem die Stickstoff- und Phosphorüberschüsse der Landwirtschaft und die Stickstoffemissionen des Verkehrs belasten die Umwelt und beeinträchtigen die Biodiversität, die Luft, die Gewässer- und Trinkwasserqualität sowie die Waldfunktionen stark. 

Zudem verstärken sie den Klimawandel und beeinträchtigen die menschliche Gesundheit. Ursachen wie auch Auswirkungen der übermässigen Einträge sind wissenschaftlich seit Jahrzehnten gut dokumentiert. Allerdings ist kaum eines der diesbezüglichen vom Bundesrat verabschiedeten Reduktionsziele erreicht. Sollen die negativen Effekte auf die Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen verringert werden, sind die Ursachen für die übermässigen Einträge dringend anzugehen. Dieses Faktenblatt zeigt hierzu Handlungsansätze auf.

 

Guntern J et al. (2020) Übermässige Stickstoff- und Phosphoreinträge schädigen Biodiversität, Wald und Gewässer. Swiss Academies Factsheet 15 (8).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4269631

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11.2020
Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences SAMW
Autonomie in der Medizin: 7 Thesen

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 15. NO 11, 2020

In der Schweiz sind die Voraussetzungen in Recht, Politik und gesellschaftlicher Praxis gegeben, damit die Autonomie der Patientinnen und Patienten effektiv respektiert und gefördert werden kann. Um auf dieser Grundlage die Autonomie im Schweizer Gesundheitssystem weiter zu stärken, präsentieren die Zentrale Ethikkommission (ZEK) und die Nationale Ethikkommission im Bereich der Humanmedizin (NEK) sieben Thesen mit Denk- und Diskussionsanstössen.

In einem öffentlichen Veranstaltungszyklus von 2015 bis 2019 stellten die NEK und die ZEK das Konzept der Autonomie, seine Voraussetzungen, aber auch die Herausforderungen zur Diskussion. Die thematischen Schwerpunkte reichten von «Autonomie und Verantwortung» über Themen wie assistierte Autonomie, die Einflüsse der Digitalisierung bis zu «Autonomie und Glück». Die gemeinsam erarbeitete Publikation «Autonomie in der Medizin: 7 Thesen» ist der Ertrag aus diesen fünf Symposien. Die sieben Thesen werden jeweils in einem kurzen Kapitel erläutert und mit einem konkreten Beispiel vertieft.

Schweizerische Akademie der Medizinischen Wissenschaften / Nationale Ethikkommission im Bereich der Humanmedizin (2020) Autonomie in der Medizin: 7 Thesen. Swiss Academies Communications 15 (11).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4009253

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10.2020
Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences
Forschung für gesellschaftliche Innovationen an Fachhochschulen (FHs) – Potenziale, Rahmenbedingungen, Handlungsfelder

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 15. NO 12, 2020

FHs haben den gesetzlichen Auftrag, in der Schweizer Forschungslandschaft eine komplementäre Position zu den Universitäten einzunehmen. Diese gleichwertige gegenseitige Ergänzung ist für die TD-Forschung wertvoll.
Worin die spezifischen Kompetenzen und Stärken der Forschung an FHs liegen und wie deren Potential besser genutzt werden könnte, werden in diesem Postionspapier diskutiert.


Akademien der Wissenschaften Schweiz (2020) Forschung für gesellschaftliche Innovationen an Fachhochschulen (FHs) – Potenziale, Rahmenbedingungen, Handlungsfelder. Swiss Academies Communications 15 (12).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4090403

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08.2020
Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences SAHS
Next Generation and Third Space: neue Karriereprofile im Wissenschaftssystem

SWISS ACADEMIES REPORTS, VOL. 15, NO 3, 2020

Die Studie «Next Generation und Third Space: neue Karriereprofile im Wissenschaftssystem» macht den an Schweizer Universitäten und Hochschulen als eigenständige Kategorie noch kaum etablierten Third Space fassbar. Er gründet auf qualitativer Ebene auf der Sicht von Professorinnen und Professoren aus den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften, welche die gegenwärtige Praxis und den künftigen Bedarf an Third-Space-Profilen einschätzen; auf quantitativer Ebene handelt es sich um einen Versuch, den Umfang der bestehenden Third-Space-Profilen im Wissenschaftssystem abzuschätzen.

Die Autorinnen der Studie kommen mitunter zum Schluss: Der Third Space existiert realiter (rund jede siebte Vollzeitstelle in den Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften an einer Schweizer Universität ist eine Third-Space-Stelle). Er wird aber nicht als gleichwertige akademische Karriereweg angesehen, sondern eher mit einer verpassten akademischen Karriere assoziiert.

 

Schmidlin Sabina, Eva Bühlmann und Fitore Muharremi (2020) Next Generation und Third Space: neue Karriereprofile im Wissenschaftssystem. Studie im Auftrag der Schweizerischen Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften. Swiss Academies Reports 15 (3).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3923494

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Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences

House of Academies
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