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Swiss Academies Series

01.2022
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Transdisciplinary research partnerships with business and civil society in the North-South context

This publication analyses opportunities and risks of transdisciplinary research partnerships with business and civil society in the North-South context. Such partnerships are in many cases crucial for impactful research and need to be implemented cautious and strategic. Well implemented partnerships enhance the practical relevance of research and the uptake of results, they provide access to additional data and networks but they also entail the risk of undermining scientific rigour and independence, and they increase the complexity of a research project and power-imbalances. This analysis provides some practical information and orientation for researchers and funding institutions in Switzerland on these opportunities and risks. The publication is the result of a literature review and a stakeholder dialogue with researchers and research-funders.

 

Alex Gertschen (2021) Transdisciplinary research partnerships with business and civil society in the North-South context. Opportunities and risks for researchers and funding institutions in Switzerland. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (7)

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5761532

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12.2021
Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences SAMW
Ineffectiveness and unlikelihood of benefit: dealing with the concept of futility in medicine

Ineffectiveness and unlikelihood of benefits in treatment are part of medicine. Often this topic is described by the generic term of medical futility. The counselling and support of patients and their relatives in situations where medical treatment may be ineffective is an inherent task of medicine. Involved professionals bear a special professional and ethical responsibility in this matter. In addition to the theoretical background, which critically examines the concept of futility, the publication illustrates concrete examples. The SAMS thus offers practical advice in the hope that this approach will lead to a fundamental reflection on how to deal with ineffectiveness and unlikelihood of benefit in medicine.

 

Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences (SAMS) (2021) Ineffectiveness and unlikelihood of benefit: dealing with the concept of futility in medicine. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (6).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5543448

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11.2021
Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences
The Role of Science in the Swiss Policy Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic

SWISS ACADEMIES REPORTS, VOL. 16. NO 11, 2021

What role did science play in managing the Covid-19 pandemic from January to December 2020? In what way did the Swiss experience differ from selected other countries? Where is there a need for action in the future?  The first comprehensive study on the role of science in the Covid-19 pandemic policy response shows a positive track record but also identifies a need for optimization. The potential of science advice to policy is left largely untapped in Switzerland due to its uncertain legal bases and low level of institutionalization. The study by PD Dr. Alexandra Hofmänner documents events, contexts and general conditions during the Covid-19 pandemic and presents six options for future action.

 

Hofmänner A. (2021) The Role of Science in the Swiss Policy Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic. Swiss Academies Reports 16 (11).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5584118

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09.2021
Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences
Covid-19 – Science and Society

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 16. NO 5, 2021

Das Virus verstehen, Todesfälle verhindern, Chaos vermeiden, Fakten aufzeigen und den Boden bereiten für gesellschaftliches Mittragen von Massnahmen – Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft kamen sich in der Pandemie näher, gleichzeitig kam es auch zu Konfrontationen. Der vorliegende Sammelband vereinigt Analysen und Diskussionsbeiträge, die im Umfeld der Akademien der Wissenschaften Schweiz entstanden sind. Es ist einerseits ein Zeitdokument über die Jahre 2020 bis zum Spätsommer 2021 und bildet eine Periode ab, in der WissenschafterInnen mit grossem Engagement geforscht haben und ihre Erkenntnisse unmittelbar der Gesellschaft zugänglich gemacht haben. Andererseits sind auch Texte entstanden, die vorwärts denken. Was können wir aus der Pandemie lernen? Wie sollte wissenschaftliche Politikberatung funktionieren? Wie können Wissenschaft, Gesellschaft und Politik im Dialog bleiben? Was können wir gegen Fake News tun? Die Publikation gibt Anregungen, diese Fragen weiterzuverfolgen, damit durch Diskussion ein Fundament für die Zukunft entsteht.

 

Akademien der Wissenschaften Schweiz (2021) Covid-19 –Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft. Beiträge in Zeiten der Pandemie. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (5).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5518888

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09.2021
Swiss Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences SAHS
Macht und Medizin. Beiträge aus der Veranstaltungsreihe Medical Humanitites 2017-2020

SWISS ACADEMIES REPORTS, VOL. 16. NO 10, 2021

Von 2017 bis 2020 haben die Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften (SAGW) gemeinsam mit der Schweizerischen Akademie der Medizinischen Wissenschaften (SAMW) das Verhältnis von Macht und Medizin in einer Veranstaltungsreihe thematisiert. Konkret, anschaulich, praxisnah und erfahrungsgesättigt legten die ReferentInnen dar, was unter «Medical Humanities» zu verstehen ist: Es sind dies die historisch gewachsenen rechtlichen, ökonomischen, sozialen, ethischen, kulturellen und politischen Faktoren, welche die Medizin und das Gesundheitssystem massgeblich gestalten und beeinflussen. Thematisiert wurde zuerst «Die Kraft der Normen» (2017). Es folgte «Die Macht des Geldes» (2018) und «Die Macht des Patienten» (2019).  Mit einem Blick in die «Macht und Ohnmacht der Medizin» wurde die Reihe 2020 abgeschlossen.

 

Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften & Schweizerische Akademie der Medizinischen Wissenschaften (Hrsg.) (2021): Macht und Medizin. Beiträge aus der Veranstaltungsreihe Medical Humanities 2017-2020. Swiss Academies Reports 16 (10).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5414418

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08.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Tackling climate change and biodiversity loss jointly

Climate change and biodiversity loss pose threats to humankind. As these two crises are interlinked and mutually reinforcing, they also need to be tackled jointly. This requires multiple coordinated approaches as well as systemic thinking and action. Measures to combat climate change and biodiversity loss can be mutually supportive; however, if they are not coordinated, there is a risk that the crises may be intensified as a result of unintended effects and conflicts arising from competing goals. The most effective measures are those which address the root cause of both crises – our unsustainable way of life – and involve a fundamental shift towards sustainable resource consumption that respects planetary boundaries. Both at home and abroad, Switzerland is a higher-than-average contributor to both of these crises – but it is also significantly affected by the impacts. In addition to having a major international responsibility, it is therefore very much in Switzerland’s own interest to play a pioneering role in efforts to protect the climate and biodiversity.

 

Ismail SA, Geschke J, Kohli M et al. (2021) Tackling climate change and biodiversity loss jointly. Swiss Academies Factsheet 16 (3). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.5145162

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07.2021
Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences SAMW
White Paper: Clinical Research

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 16. NO 4, 2021

Patient-oriented clinical research in Switzerland, long considered a «problem» in comparison to basic and experimental research, has improved in the past twenty years thanks to public investments in various initiatives, data infrastructures, and support instruments. These efforts have however also led to a fragmentation of activities and deficits remain. The «White Paper: Clinical Research» of the Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences formulates seven goals to bring together the actors around a shared vision to increase the impact of clinical research and its benefits for all.

Based on the notion that good care comes with – and from – good science, the white paper calls for a transformation of the clinical research culture so as to make it more integrative at all levels. And presents an action plan for change to make Switzerland an international leader in patient-centered clinical research.

 

Swiss Academy of Medical Sciences (SAMS) (2021) White Paper: Clinical Research. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (4).

DOI: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4772725

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07.2021
Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences
Science in the Swiss Public The State of Science Communication and Public Engagement with Science in Switzerland

SWISS ACADEMIES REPORTS, VOL. 16. NO 8, 2021

The expert group report is based on a comprehensive review of the available interdisciplinary scholarship analyzing science communication and public engagement with science in Switzerland. It covers a wide range of facets of science communication and public engagement in Switzerland, from public attitudes towards science over individuals and organizations engaging in science communication and engagement formats to news and social media representations of science. On this basis, it formulates 20 recommendations for improving science communication in Switzerland.

 

Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences (2021) Science in the Swiss Public. The State of Science Communication and Public Engagement with Science in Switzerland. Swiss Academies Reports 16 (8). http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4974312

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05.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
The impact of emissions from aviation on the climate

SWISS ACADEMIES COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 16. NO 3, 2021

Greenhouse gas emissions from global aviation are steadily and sharply increasing and their part in global CO² emissions is growing. This trend is particularly high in industrialised countries. In addition to CO², however, aviation also emits other components that have an impact on the climate. These are in particular water vapour, nitrogen oxides, sulphur dioxide and soot. This publication describes how the main emission components of aviation affect the climate. It also discusses how these components are quantified and which comparative values should be used.

 

Neu U (2021) The impact of emissions from aviation on the climate. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (3). DOI: doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4767559

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04.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Pestizide: Auswirkungen auf Umwelt, Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen

Pestizide werden primär in der Landwirtschaft, aber auch im Siedlungsraum und in weiteren Bereichen eingesetzt. Als Pflanzenschutzmittel vermindern sie Ertrags- oder Qualitätseinbussen durch Schadorganismen. Der heutige Pestizideinsatz belastet aber die Umwelt und insbesondere die Biodiversität beträchtlich. Trotz Wissenslücken sind die unerwünschten Auswirkungen gut dokumentiert. Das Faktenblatt nimmt spezifisch die Auswirkungen von Pestiziden auf Umwelt, Biodiversität
und Ökosystemleistungen in den Blick und zeigt mögliche Handlungsansätze für Politik und Gesellschaft zur Reduktion der
unerwünschten Nebenwirkungen des Pestizideinsatzes auf. Nicht thematisiert werden im Faktenblatt etwa die Bedeutung
von Pestiziden für die landwirtschaftliche Produktion oder die Auswirkungen auf die menschliche Gesundheit.

 

Guntern J et al. (2021) Pestizide: Auswirkungen auf Umwelt, Biodiversität und Ökosystemleistungen. Swiss Academies Factsheets 16 (2). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4680574

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Geosciences Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Geosciences Community

This community roadmap presents an integrative approach including the most urgent infrastructure requests for the future development of geosciences in Switzerland. It recommends to strengthen the multidisciplinary nature of the geosciences by putting all activities under the roof of the Integrated Swiss Geosciences supported by four specific research infrastructure pillars. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of geosciences and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Eugster W • Baumgartner LP • Bachmann O • Baltensperger U • Dèzes P • Dubois N • Foubert A • Heitzler M • Henggeler K • Hetényi G • Hurni L • Müntener O • Nenes A • Reymond C • Röösli C • Rothacher M • Schaub M • Steinbacher M • Vogel H & the RoTaGeo team (2021) Geosciences Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Geosciences Community. Swiss Academies Reports 16 (4). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4588881

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Neutron Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Neutron Science Community

This community roadmap presents a broad overview of the current status of neutron science in Switzerland and derives a set of recommendations for future developments. It is the result of a community effort led by the Swiss Neutron Science Society (SNSS) with the main objectives to survey and analyse the unique contributions that neutron probes provide across scientific and technological fields and disciplines; and provisions needed to ensure continuing and sustainable success. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of neutron science and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Rønnow HM, Gasser U, Krämer K, Strobl M, Kenzelmann M (2021)
Neutron Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Neutron Science Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (7). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4637661

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
CHIPP Roadmap for Research and Infrastructure 2025-2028 and beyond by the Swiss Particle Physics Community

This community roadmap presents the visions for future research in particle and astroparticle physics in Switzerland and formulates the needs of these fields in terms of research infrastructure in the years 2025-2028 and beyond. It was established under the auspices of the Swiss Institute of Particle Physics (CHIPP), which issued its first roadmap already in 2004 and conducted dedicated roadmap-planning workshops in 2018 and 2020. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of particle and astroparticle physics and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Wallny R, Dissertori G, Durrer R, Isidori G, Müller K, Rivkin L, Seidel M, Sfyrla A, Weber M, Benelli A (2021)
CHIPP Roadmap for Research and Infrastructure 2025–2028 and beyond by the Swiss Particle Physics Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (6). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4637623

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Photon Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Photon Community

This community roadmap summarizes a survey of the Swiss large-scale infrastructure requirements in the broad field of photon science for the years 2025–2028, drawing from the current situation both in Switzerland and abroad. The Swiss Society for Photon Science (SSPh) collected the scientific visions and compiled the needs of the community of photon science, which encompasses all research areas that work to generate, manipulate and detect photons or use them to investigate or control complex assemblies of matter. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of photon science and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Abela R, Abreu E, Cavalieri A, van Daalen M, Feurer T, Staub U (2021)
Photon Science Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Photon Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (5). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4588917

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Chemistry Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Chemistry Community

This community roadmap presents the vision for the future development of chemical sciences in Switzerland. It recommends to set-up or consolidate seven national infrastructures grouped into two pillars of discovery- and challenge-oriented infrastructures, which should foster multinational scientific exchange and collaboration. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of chemistry and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Buller R, Copéret C, Emsley L, Gademann K, Hari Y, Merz L (2021)
Chemistry Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Chemistry Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (3). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4572642

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Biology Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025-2028 by the Swiss Biology Community

This community roadmap expresses a vision for the future development of biological research in Switzerland and the infrastructure needs identified to realise this vision. It describes four dedicated network infrastructures with a common challenge of comprehensive data exploitation. The roadmap represents the view of the Swiss scientific community in the field of biology and is a formal element of the process to elaborate the Swiss Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2023. This bottom-up contribution to the identification and selection of important national and international research infrastructures has been coordinated by the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) on a mandate by the State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI).

 

Brunner D, Durinx C, Erb M, Fischer M, Hari Y, Jazwinska A, Leeb T, Reymond C, Scheidegger C, Stieger P, Studer B, Vergères G, Walter A (2021)
Biology Roadmap for Research Infrastructures 2025–2028 by the Swiss Biology Community Swiss Academies Reports 16 (2). DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4572622

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03.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Handbook on natural history collections management – A collaborative Swiss perspective

Swiss natural history museums, botanical gardens, universities and other institutions for higher education collectively maintain collections with over 60 million specimens of animals, fungi, plants, rocks and fossils. To speed up, harmonise and better coordinate their digitisation, the SwissCollNet initiative was established by the Swiss Academy of Sciences and the Swiss collection-holding institutions.

This handbook is one of SwissCollNet’s first achievment to advance the exchange of knowledge on object and data management among Swiss collections. It contains instructions to modernise natural history collections of preserved biological materials and geological samples developed by experts and collections managers from across Swiss collection-holding institutions.

 

Frick H, Greeff M (2021) Handbook on natural history collections management – A collaborative Swiss perspective. Swiss Academies Communications 16 (2).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4316839

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02.2021
Swiss Academy of Sciences SCNAT
Achieving the SDGs with Biodiversity

SWISS ACADEMIES FACTSHEETS, Vol. 16, No 1, 2021

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development with its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) charts a new path of balance for humanity and the planet. The highly interconnected SDGs will only be achieved in their entirety through transformative changes in our societies. Recent studies on the interactions between the SDGs identify the conservation of biodiversity as one of the most potent levers to achieve sustainability. The biodiversity-focused SDGs 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land) emerge as multipliers of co-benefits across the goals. This factsheet aims to explain the importance of biodiversity for implementing all SDGs and to provide decision makers with options and entry points for transformative change.

 

Obrecht A, Pham-Truffert M, Spehn E et al (2021) Achieving the SDGs with Biodiversity. Swiss Academies Factsheet 16 (1).

DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4457298

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Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences

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